Gynecomastia is a medical term that refers to male breast overdevelopment and is quite common. It may affect one or both breasts.
Often men can feel self-conscious about their appearance, and breast reduction surgery can help.
Gynaecomastia is common in men of any age and may develop as a result of:
- Hormonal changes
- Weight gain
- Hereditary conditions
- Disease, such as liver disease
- Certain medication
Use of non-prescription or recreational drugs, including anabolic steroids and marijuana
Gynecomastia can cause emotional discomfort and may affect a man’s self-confidence. Excess breast tissue can also cause a man’s breasts to sag and stretch the areola (the dark skin surrounding the nipple).
During the procedure, fat, glandular tissue and sometimes skin is removed from the breast through an incision around the nipple-areola that will leave an inconspicuous scar. The procedure might be combined with liposuction. The result is a chest that is flatter, firmer and better contoured.
What will surgery for gynaecomastia do?
In some cases, Gynaecomastia can be improved with non-surgical treatments, such as changing a medication or by medically treating the cause of the abnormal hormone levels. For some men, however, surgery to remove the excess breast tissue may be the best treatment option.